THC And CBD: A Comparison


The word ‘CBD’ has gained widespread attention in recent years, as several studies emphasized its medicinal benefits and the government took measures to legalize it if it complies with strict standards. Another compound that comes up in the discussions about CBD is THC. Both CBD and THC are cannabinoids extracted from cannabis plants. In this article, we are making a comparison of CBD and THC.


CBD and THC are extracted from cannabis plants but their percentages differ according to the cannabis plant you choose. Marijuana is a cannabis plant known for its high THC content while hemp is known for its high cannabidiol content. As per the legal guidelines, CBD derived from hemp alone is regarded as legal in the US. The reason is the low THC content in hemp. THC is a scheduled drug in the US and regulated as per the cannabis laws in various US states. It is primarily extracted from marijuana.


There is no denying that THC products belong to legally grey areas in the US but the compound offers several therapeutic benefits. CBD is commonly used to treat the following conditions:

  • Seizures
  • Depression
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Inflammation

THC is commonly used to treat:

  • Glaucoma
  • Insomnia
  • Low appetite
  • Muscle spasticity

Either CBD or THC can be used to treat the following conditions:

  • Pain
  • Nausea
  • Anxiety


Although both of them are sourced from cannabis, they do not have equivalent legal status. The definition and directive of marijuana may vary from state to state. For instance, a few of the states have legitimized marijuana use for medical and recreational use but in limited amounts; while others have not. CBD laws have better clarity and uniformity than laws regulating high THC products. CBD products containing not less than 0.3% THC are fully legal in the US, as per the suggestions in the US Farm Bill that came into effect in 2018.

Side Effects 

Even if it is CBD or THC that you take, the side effects are minimal. When it comes to CBD, there are hardly any known side effects. WHO has suggested that CBD is safe even in large quantities, and the only identified side effect is its interaction with the drugs that the person is already taking.

On consuming THC, a person may experience some temporary side effects like:

  • Red eyes
  • Memory loss
  • Coordination issues
  • Euphoria
  • Slower response time

The legal status of CBD has contributed to its high availability in the US markets, while THC is not that easily available because of its legal status.